Helpful Tutorial on How to Write a Middle School Cause and Effect Essay

Teachers in middle schools often assign students to write cause and effects essays. These tasks help students develop logical thinking and link particular events to each other. Writing such a paper for the first time can be challenging for some students, so if you’re not sure how to approach this assignment and structure your paper, you should read the guidelines given in this article.

  1. Select a topic.
  2. Often teachers give some topics to students, but sometimes you have to choose a subject by yourself. Try to pick something that will be interesting for you to write and for your audience to read about. However, you should avoid frequently used topics for your work to be original.

  3. Do your research.
  4. To know more about causes and effects that you want to describe in your essay, you should investigate your topic first. Consult your teacher to know what books to read and where to find them. A deep research will help you better support your arguments.

  5. Outline your paper.
  6. Your paper needs to be outlined before you begin writing. Divide your work into three main sections like an introduction, body, and conclusion. Then, you should decide how many body paragraphs you’ll have based on the type of your analysis. You may write about multiple causes that lead to one effect, one cause that has many effects, or describe a classic domino chain.

  7. Write an introduction.
  8. At the beginning of your essay, you should present your topic and tell why you’ve chosen to write about this particular issue. Use some hook in the first sentence to grab your readers’ attention. The introduction should end with your thesis statement that gives a direction for your work and briefly lists your arguments.

  9. Write a body.
  10. In this section, you should describe all the causes and their effects in details. Make sure that your logical chains look clear and understandable to your readers. Use real facts gathered during your research to support your arguments.

  11. Write a conclusion.
  12. Here you should summarize your main points and discuss the importance of your work. Indicate why it’s significant for people to know the causes and effects described in your essay. Tell about the negative consequences that might happen if you ignore the possible effects of your actions. Try to make a lasting impression on your readers with your final sentence.

  13. Proofread your work.
  14. Your final step is to search for mistakes and eliminate them. It’s also advisable to rewrite weak sentences and paragraphs.


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